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Thursday, January 26, 2023

Half a century of India-Bangladesh relations, profitable relations between the two countries at new heights&nbsp

As India and Bangladesh complete 50 years of their diplomatic ties, Bangladesh as a sovereign country is all set to celebrate its 50th Victory Day. In the last one and a half decades, India and Bangladesh have tried to resolve the issues of their dispute.

The time 2021 is a time of literal significance for Bangladesh and India. This time marks Bangladesh’s 50th Palm Day fests, marking the fight fought for its rights to tone- determination. India is joining this joy of Bangladesh, which gave courage, moral strength, defence, and fiscal support to the emancipation soldiers of Bangladesh in the time 1971.

President of India Ram Nath Kovind is on a state visit to the neighbouring country from 15 to December 17 to attend Bangladesh’s 50th Victory Day fests. On this day, i.e., on December 16, 1971, further than dogfaces of Pakistan equipped with ultramodern munitions and military outfit had succumbed to the insuperable courage and frippery of the Indian Army, and with this, a new name of Bangladesh on the world chart. The country was born. 

India-Bangladesh relations have been told by the ideals of history, art and culture, language, and the freedom movement. In 1905, the Swadeshi movement was started in India to kick against the decision to partition Bengal by British rule, and artistic relations got a new dimension through the workshop of Rabindra Nath Tagore. After the Mountbatten plan, while India opened the way for the partition of Pakistan, East Pakistan also came into actuality as a geographical, political reality.

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The people of East Pakistan were the Bengali language, whereas the Urdu language dominated West Pakistan. Pakistan wanted to put Urdu language and Sunni beliefs on its eastern region ( now Bangladesh). So it was certain that at some point or the other, this region would agitate for separation from Pakistan.

It’s important to know then that a vote was made in the Sylhet quarter of the also Assam under the Mountbatten Plan. It would be decided whether the Bengali- speaking people of Sylhet in Assam would remain a part of Assam or a part of East Pakistan. Will be made The Sylhet vote held on July 6, 1947, decided in favor of East Pakistan, and Assam lost a prosperous quarter and its earnings. Sylhet came to a part of East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh).

East Pakistan was veritably strong economically. Foreign profitable support and subventions were also fairly high in this region. Still, in the spirit of its service and religious fanaticism, West Pakistan exploited the coffers of East Pakistan in such a way that it was marginalized economically.

At the time of independence, further than half of the population of Pakistan lived in its eastern part, i.e., East Pakistan, which was divided from West Pakistan through an Indian home of about two and a partial thousand kilometers long. There was an artistic link between East Pakistan and India at that time.

The autocrats of Pakistan failed to give better installations to the people of the eastern part of their own country. They exploited the coffers of this region to the fullest. Thus, the people of this eastern region espoused the path of agitation, which numerous unfortunate sweats were made to crush them. There were also allegations of rape of women by the Army in numerous places. In this hour of the philanthropic extremity, India decided to help East Pakistan.

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India also conducted a political crusade at the transnational position to produce Bangladesh, in which numerous other countries also helped. Eventually, on December 16, 1971, India- backed Muktiwahini forces took control of Dhaka, and the region of East Pakistan came into actuality as a new nation called Bangladesh. India was the 1st country to fete Bangladesh as an independent country. India established its political relations with Bangladesh at the same time.

 Moments of challenges in relations In October this time, Hindus were targeted during Durga Puja in Bangladesh, and the collaborative screams have been talked about across the world. Then the question arises whether India should have transferred a harsh communication to Bangladesh or used profitable-political warrants on Bangladesh, as the US frequently does. Should India have strained its ties with Bangladesh during a long-running exercise by some Islamic revolutionist associations to sabotage India-Bangladesh ties? The answer is no because, with the collective concurrence of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in the same Bangladesh, people have also seen agreements being made on the conservation and restoration of Hindu tabernacles.

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After a recent incident, the question arose when the the’Office of Foreign Means Control of the US Treasury has banned the Bangladesh Security Force Rapid Action Battalion, some security officers and Bangladesh have expressed displeasure over America’s decision. So should not India have given some communication to America in favor of its neighbor friend Bangladesh? Then India’s point of view is clear that in the bilateral relations between Bangladesh and America, where America expects South Asian countries, including Bangladesh and some other countries of the world, to produce a fair and popular terrain in cases of mortal rights violations, also it’ll help the countries to maintain their internal security. The need to reform politics will be understood. This is also because whether it’s the Bay of Bengal or the region of the Pacific Ocean, America’s position and influence can not be neglected. On this occasion, America lately assessed warrants on 10 associations and 15 people from numerous countries, including Bangladesh. It’s to be known that these restrictions have been assessed on being involved in mortal rights abuses and importunity cases. 

Bangladesh is currently among the five largest export destinations globally for India. In 2020-21, India’s exports to Bangladesh had increased by 46 percent on an annualized level. Bangladesh has become the fourth largest ($3.16 billion) export destination for India after the US ($15.41 billion), China ($5.92 billion), the United Arab Emirates ($5.34 billion), reflecting the importance of India-Bangladesh bilateral ties. Is.

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Bangladesh has achieved a new milestone in export relations with India, leaving Hong Kong behind. India is ready to hold talks with Bangladesh on the proposed Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement with Bangladesh from January 2022 to strengthen its bilateral economic ties. Since Bangladesh is India’s largest trading partner in South Asia and India is Bangladesh’s second-largest trading partner, it is natural to try new heights in economic relations.

India has provided duty-free and quota-free market access to Bangladesh on all tariff lines under the South Asian Free Trade Agreement since 2011, except tobacco and alcohol. The two countries have opened four Border Haats in Tripura and Meghalaya (two in each state) to develop communities living near their international borders. Both countries are members of the Asia Pacific Trade Agreement and cooperate economically under SAFTA. A free trade agreement is also being considered between the two countries.

The India Bangladesh Friendship Pipeline is 136 km long, of which 130 km is in Bangladesh, and 6 km is in Indian territory. Under this, diesel will be supplied from Siliguri in Bengal to the districts of the northern region like Parvatipur and Dinajpur in Bangladesh. The Assam-based Numaligarh Refinery will finance the construction work of the Indian terrain pipeline. Bangladesh can benefit from India’s renewable energy industry. Bangladesh has also shown interest in India’s solar energy.

Recently, the International Finance Corporation, the main body of the World Bank, has signed an agreement with Bangladesh for renewable energy projects. Under this, the World Bank will set up a solar power plant in Bangladesh. Bangladesh holds great potential for India’s renewable energy industry. The strategic location of Bangladesh in the Bay of Bengal is useful to India. 

Due to the natural gas and oil, mineral resources, fishery resources in Bangladesh, India can explore the possibilities of developing a blue economy in this region. Keeping in mind the availability of natural gas in Bangladesh, China has discussed developing the Pyra Deep Sea Port in Bangladesh.

India presents Bangladesh as a responsible nation of SAARC. Terrorist organizations of Bangladesh, separatist youth, and their alliances with ISI are against the interests of India. Therefore, India has tried from time to time to ensure that Bangladesh does not allow its land to be used for anti-India activities. In this sequence, India has concluded an extradition treaty and mutual legal assistance agreement with Bangladesh to prevent drug trafficking.

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